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Pamplona, capital of the Kingdom

Pamplona is the capital of the Comunidad Foral de Navarra located in the north of the peninsula. The population is about 200,000 habitants.

Pamplona was founded by the Roman general Pompey, who named it Pompaelo in 75 B.C.

He set up his camp on the plateau where the Cathedral now stands, on the site of an ancient Vascon settlement. From the 4th to the 9th centuries, Pamplona was alternately under the control of Visigoths and Muslims.

The Middle Ages saw the city become the capital of the Kingdom of Pamplona, and later of the Kingdom of Navarre. The city was divided into 3 walled boroughs: Navarrería, San Cernin and San Nicolás. The continuous battles between the Vascons and Franks who lived in these boroughs led King Carlos III 'el Noble' to sign the 'Privilege of Union' in 1423', making Pamplona a single city. The new City Hall was built, a coat of arms was created and the building of more internal fortifications was prohibited. The Pilgrims Way to Santiago, very popular at the time, crossed the city and left its mark on it.

Following the incorporation of Navarre into Castile in 1512-1515, Pamplona became a key place in the defence of Spain against France. Its status as a city-fortress was strengthened with the building of the Citadel, a walled enclosure (16th-18th centuries).

It is internationally famous for its festivities, "Los Sanfermines", which are held between the 6th and 14th of July; but beyond these festivities it is a city that has various cultural, leisure, gastronomic, as well as sports, shopping or nature attractions.

Weather

Temperatures tend to be more extreme in both winter and summer. Winters, although they can be sunny, are usually cold, with the usual rainfall of these months and occasionally some snowfall, and summers are hot and dry with cool nights.

Language

The official languages in Pamplona are Spanish and Basque

Map of the city

The route of the Camino de Santiago is marked on the map in blue:

https://www.turismo.navarra.es

How to arrive in Pamplona (Spain)

-  By plane

Pamplona airport is 6 kilometres south of the city. 

It has a newly built terminal in 2010 and regularly operates flights to Frankfurt, Gran Canaria and Madrid.

During the summer season there are connections to different airports with charter flights

A cafeteria with a shop is located in the general hall.

For transfers from and to the airport there is a shared taxi service that works by previous reservation and fixed schedule.

https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Information about the airport services:

http://www.aena.es

There are close airports such as Bilbao and Zaragoza from which you can connect to Pamplona by combining other transport by train or road.

http://www.aena.es

To find out about timetables and fees for Iberia: https://www.iberia.com

-  By bus

Pamplona has a modern bus station, opened in 2007, from which all lines depart and arrive. The terminal is located on Calle Yanguas y Miranda, next to the Vuelta del Castillo park and the Citadel, and is underground.

http://www.estaciondeautobusesdepamplona.com

The distance from the bus station to the Congress venue is approximately 200 meters.

To get from the station to other points in Pamplona, it is possible to do so by foot, by city bus or by taxi. There are two different taxi stops. One of them is located inside the station, on the -2 floor, with a limited use to the opening hours of the station. The other stop is located outside, on Yanguas and Miranda Street

It has a bar-cafeteria, services, gift and candy shops, and a gym. There is also an automatic left-luggage service available from 6:30 a.m. to 11:00 p.m.

There are routes that connect Pamplona with Madrid, Barcelona, San Sebastián/Donostia, Vitoria/Gasteiz, Soria, Valencia, Alicante and the South of France, among others.

More information about the schedules in the link: http://www.estaciondeautobusesdepamplona.com

-  By Road

Pamplona is located in the centre of the Comunidad Foral de Navarra, in the north of Spain, and very close to the border with France. By road, it can be easily arrived at from different destinations.

The journey by car from the neighbouring cities of San Sebastian/Donostia, Vitoria/Gasteiz and Logroño takes approximately one hour. Access from the first two is via the AP-15 motorway, paid for with a single toll at a cost of .... (although it is possible to do it by conventional road), while from the third one it is possible to arrive by the A-12 highway, free.

Less than two hours away are also Bilbao, which can be reached by the AP-15; and Zaragoza, which is connected to Pamplona by the AP-68 and AP-15 motorways.

From Madrid, it is possible to reach Pamplona in just over four hours by car. Although there are different options, the most frequent route is to take the A-2 motorway to Medinaceli, then take the N-111 to Soria and then the N-122 to Tudela, where it is possible to take the AP-15 to the capital of Navarre.

To get from Barcelona, the most popular option is to take the AP-2 to Zaragoza, and there take the AP-68 and then the AP-15 to Pamplona.

-  Motorways of Navarre rates:

 https://www.audenasa.es

Basque - Aragonese motorway rates: https://www.autopistas.com

Visitors from France normally enter the Autonomous Community of Navarre through Irún, from where they must take the N-121-A road to Pamplona, a journey that takes just over an hour.

There are various paid parking lots in the city center, which are guarded and open 24 hours a day. These car parks are located very close to the main tourist attractions and it is possible to make a reservation.

Information on rates for the different car parks: https://www.pamplona.es

Check availability of places: https://www.pamplona.es

On the other hand, there is a mobile application called Parkplona that provides information on the free spaces available in the city's car parks, places for people with disabilities and parking areas for motorcycles and bicycles. The application allows you to register with different SMS notification services of Pamplona City Council or consult incidents affecting traffic, and also offers information on the Nbici municipal bicycle rental service and on electric vehicles.

There are also free car parks near the centre with around 8000 spaces: https://www.pamplona.es

How to get around Pamplona

- On foot

Pamplona is a comfortable city to move around on foot and the distances are not very great from almost any location in the city.

The Old Town where the main tourist attractions are located is pedestrianised.

There is a mobile application called Metrominuto that offers information on the distances between places of special interest, as well as an estimate of the time needed to cover these routes.

- City bus

The city has an urban transport network managed by the Mancomunidad de la Comarca de Pamplona. It consists of a fleet of buses that the people of Pamplona call Villavesas, so you should get to know the term. There are 25 bus lines offering daytime services, as well as ten night-time lines.

The price of the ticket during the daytime service is 1.35 euros, which is reduced to 0.70 euros if payment is made with a transport card, which can be purchased at tobacconists and associated shops. The price of the night ticket (between 00:00 and 6:00) is also 1.35 euros if paid in cash, but rises to 1.02 euros if paid with the card.

Urban transport information: https://www.infotuc.es/

- Taxi

To get a taxi in Pamplona there are three options. Firstly, it is possible to travel to one of the existing stops. Another option is to order a taxi by telephone, on 948 232 300 or 948 351 335. Finally, it is also possible to stop a taxi on the public highway, provided that it is free and therefore has the green light on. To stop it, simply raise your arm.

Information on the location of taxi stops: https://www.google.com/maps/

You can also request a taxi through the mobile application "Pidetaxi".

- Bicycle

Pamplona has a network of bicycle lanes and pavements that are expected to be extended and improved in the coming years, with the aim of promoting the use of this sustainable means of transport.

Information on map and regulations: http://www.movilidadpamplona.es/

Bicycle rental service: http://www.mundoraintxe.com

Sights of interest

Information about the Pamplona City Council Tourist Office:

https://www.pamplona.es/en/tourist-information-office

There are different offers of activities:

Pamplona in one day: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

El encierro: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

The pilgrims way to Santiago passes through the city: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Guided tours:

https://booking.destinonavarra.com

https://enjoypamplona.com

https://www.pamplonafood.com

Art and monuments

The City Walls of Pamplona: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Pamplona City Hall: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

St Mary's Cathedral: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Chapel of San Fermín: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

The Camera of the Comptos: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Church of San Nicolás: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Church of San Saturnino: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Monument to the Encierro: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Natural heritage

https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Museum

Museum of Navarra: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Leisure and culture opportunities: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Gastronomy

An unforgettable gastronomic experience in Pamplona is to go on a tasting tour of the wide variety of pintxos offered by both traditional and truly avant-garde cuisine miniatures. Most of the establishments that offer pintxos for a real gastronomic tour are located around the Old Town.

Restaurants and bars: https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Accommodations

Search tool with all the officially registered accommodations:

https://www.turismo.navarra.es

Security

Pamplona is, in general, a safe city in which the usual precautionary measures must be taken with regard to the custody of belongings as well as access to crowded places.

Municipal Police 092.

Information from the city council's public safety area: https://policiamunicipal.pamplona.es

Policía Foral 112

Information Foral Police Complaints Office:

https://www.pamplona.es

Shopping

There is a great offer of establishments where you can make shopping of all kinds.

Information on buying Agro-food producers and craftspeople: https://www.turismo.navarra.es



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